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Poverty in the Philippines: Poverty in the Basic Sectors

Poverty in the Philippines: Poverty in the Basic Sectors

Jan 25, 2012

Poverty in the Philippines: Poverty in the Basic Sectors (Note: This piece is a segment from a larger article "Poverty in the Philippines: A Profile", showcased in Focus-Philippines' upcoming Poverty Policy Review) Poverty Incidence among Basic Sectors

2000

2003

2006

Sector Magnitude Incidence Magnitude Incidence Magnitude Incidence
Women

12,227,315

32.3

11, 602,634

29.0

12,806,177

30.1

Youth

5,476,061

24.5

5,293,223

23.5

5,925,823

25.4

Children

14,093,102

42.5

13,469,849

38.8

14,405,899

40.8

Senior Citizens

1,277,139

29.0

969,906

18.4

1,297,159

20.3

Urban Poor

6,784,016

17.3

6,360,978

15.9

6,852,965

16.1

Migrant and Formal Sector Workers

2,622,324

18.7

2,886,445

18.4

3,229,424

19.5

Farmers

2,431,995

46.6

2,027,689

42.4

2,095,646

44.0

Fishers

450,020

50.8

440,579

43.6

482,477

49.9

Source: National Statistical Coordination Board Regions with Minimum and Maximum Poverty Incidence among the Basic Sectors, 2006
Basic Sector

Least Poor

Most Poor

Region Poverty Incidence (%) Region Poverty Incidence (%)
Women NCR 9.7 ARMM 58.9
Youth NCR 7.3 ARMM 53.2
Children NCR 15.2 ARMM 66.3
Senior Citizens NCR 4.4 ARMM 46.5
Urban Poor CAR 7.4 ARMM 52.4
Migrant and Formal Sector Workers NCR 4.8 CARAGA 36.8
Farmers Region II 16.9 ARMM 62.3
Fishermen Region III 23.9 CARAGA 66.7
Source: National Statistical Coordination Board That pervasive poverty characterizes those in the basic sectors has already been suggested earlier. Among these sectors, three particular groups stand out for having their ranks riven by widespread destitution. Fishers are unfailingly the poorest group (49.9% in 2006) among these, followed by farmers (44.0% in 2006), children (40.8% in 2006) and poor women (30.1% in 2006). These particular figures, however, fail to accurately mirror the contribution of each sector to the overall poor population. Here, it appears to be children (14,405,899 heads in 2006) who comprise the basic sector with the most number of poor persons, even though poor women nearly equal these sheer numbers (12,806,177 in 2006). Urban poor and the youth fall next in line to these basic sectors, although they each feature less than half of the corresponding population of poor children. The regions where these basic sectors are most clearly poor are consistently in ARMM and CARAGA. Not surprisingly, the region which houses the lowest levels of basic sector poverty is generally NCR, though the regions least afflicted by urban poverty, farmer poverty, fisherfolk poverty are elsewhere.

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